Colleague's E-mail is Invalid. Your message has been successfully sent to your colleague. Save my selection. Cuccolo, Nicholas G.
|Published (Last):||14 November 2004|
|PDF File Size:||18.28 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.23 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Infants can be born with congenital ear malformations. Two of the more common are microtia and anotia infant ear deformities.
Microtia means an incompletely formed external ear, called the pinna or auricle. It is a term used for a group of congenital external ear disorders. It may or may not be associated with atresia, or closure of the external auditory or ear canal. Anotia is the complete absence of the external ear. The majority of children with microtia do not have nerve deafness because their middle and inner ears are normal. They may need assistance with the transmission of sound to the inner ear but can lead very normal lives.
The outer part of the ear collects sound. Sound travels through the auricle cartilage covered by skin and the auditory canal ear canal , a short tube that ends at the eardrum tympanic membrane. No one knows for certain the exact cause. One theory suggests a disruption in blood flow from the stapedial artery early in the development of the fetus.
Others suggest genetic causes, environmental causes, or a combination of both. The inner ear houses the structures and nerve cells responsible for sensorineural hearing, and is not necessarily affected when microtia occurs.
All the right parts of the inner ear may be there and working. If there is hearing loss in that ear, it is usually a conductive hearing loss because sound cannot reach the inner ear when there is a closed external ear canal atresia. A child may need an assistance device for the transmission of sound to the inner ear.
The health of both ears needs to be monitored closely throughout childhood. Microtia is a birth defect that occurs in 1 in every 6,, children.
It is more common in boys than girls. It happens more frequently in people of Japanese or Navajo ancestry. It is rare to have both sides affected and usually affects the right side more often than the left. Microtia can occur in isolation and may not be associated with other congenital abnormalities.
It may, however, occur when one side of the face is less developed than the other side, called craniofacial or hemifacial microsomia. Microtia can also be a part of a syndrome like Treacher Collins syndrome, Goldenhar syndrome, and Nager syndrome.
There are several different options. The first would be to do nothing. Depending on the degree of deformity, some people choose to live with the current appearance of the ear. The use of a prosthetic ear is also possible. The first surgery involves placing the framework under the skin in the correct position of the ear.
A skin graft is used in this process. The ear will look flat against the side of the head after this surgery. This is normal and expected at this point. The second surgery raises the ear away from the head.
The ear will be reshaped as well. The second surgery is planned about 3 months after the first, in order to allow your body time to heal.
You would go home with a dressing in place that we would later remove in the office. The second stage of reconstruction usually does not require an overnight stay in the hospital. As with any surgery, there is some degree of pain involved. Part of our job is to make you feel as comfortable as possible. We will make sure you go home with your pain well controlled on medicine that you can take by mouth.
They are porous polyethylene implants used to reconstruct body parts like ear and skull defects. More than , procedures have been performed with MEDPOR Biomaterial, and there are over published clinical reports in cranial, reconstructive, oculoplastic, and cosmetic applications.
Congenital Ear Deformity, Microtia, and Anotia Infants can be born with congenital ear malformations.
Anatomy of the outer ear: The outer part of the ear collects sound. How common is this? Does this mean something else is wrong with my child? What are my options? How many surgeries would my child need? Will we have to spend the night at the hospital?
How painful is the surgery?
Facts about Anotia/Microtia
Microtia is a genetic condition affecting the external ears and presents clinically along a wide spectrum: minimally affected ears are small with minor shape abnormalities; extremely affected ears lack all identifiable structures, with the most extreme being absence of the entire external ear. Multiple genetic causes have been linked to microtia in both animal models and humans, which are improving our understanding of the condition and may lead to the identification of a unified cause for the condition. Microtia is also a prominent feature of several genetic syndromes, the study of which has provided further insight into the possible causes and genetic mechanisms of the condition. This article reviews our current understanding of microtia including epidemiological characteristics, classification systems, environmental and genetic causative factors leading to microtia.
Register for a free account
The journal's production is being transferred to another publisher. If you want to submit a manuscript to the journal, please email it to bolmedhospinfantmex gmail. The journal receives and publishes original articles in Spanish and in English relating to paediatrics in the following areas: biomedicine, public health, clinical epidemiology, health education and clinical ethics. The journal publishes the following articles types: original research articles, reviews, clinical cases, clinicopathological cases, paediatric themes, public health topics, letters to the editor, and editorial comments by invitation.