As yet unpublished, it is extant in 16 manuscripts, some complete; it constitutes a source of information on ancient customs and Jewish medical ethics as well as of ancient Jewish remedies and Hebrew, Aramaic, Persian, Latin, and Greek medical terminology. Excerpts from Greek medical books, some of which have been lost and are not known from any other sources, appear in Hebrew in this book. The most complete manuscripts are in Munich, Oxford, Brit. Museum London, Florence, and Paris.

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Asaph ha-Rofe active 6th century Overview. Publication Timeline. Most widely held works about Asaph. Most widely held works by Asaph. Introduction to the book of Assaph the Physician; the oldest existing text of a medical book written in Hebrew, with some Aphorismes choosen sic!

Grand key of Solomon the King : ancient handbook for angel magic and djinn summoning by Asaph Book 1 edition published in in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide "The enchanting tales of Arabian nights and the mysterious magical societies of the Moors share a legendary figure. According to Islamic tradition, this Arabian Merlin bested a djinn in a magical contest, teleporting Queen Sheeba's throne in the blink of an eye, using his knowledge of the Great Name.

Through the ages masters of the forbidden art of djinn evocation have shared with their disciples in secrecy an extensive oral tradition of rituals, incantations, and magical implements belonging to Asaph Ben Berechiah. Fragments of these arcane mysteries could be found in the writing of master occultists from the Middle Ages, the like of Ahmed al-Buni.

Few and far between, many have treasured what little fragments of this oral tradition could be found. There were also whispers of a grimoire compiled by an anonymous Arabian wizard brimming with secrets of the magic of Asaph Ben Berechiah. Known only as Ajnas, its reputation grew, but few possessed it. It has resurfaced in recent years and remains one of the most popular guides to angelic and djinn evocation in the land of the Arabian nights.

Asaph the Physician, the man and his book : a historical-philological study of the medical treatise, the book of drugs Sefer refuoth by Aviv Melzer 1 edition published in in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide.

Audience Level. Related Identities. Associated Subjects. Alternative Names. Asaf, ha-Rofe, active 6th century. English 19 German 8 Hebrew 5 French 2. Project Page Feedback Known Problems.


Asaph ha-Rofe active 6th century

Asaph is identified with twelve psalms no. He is said to be the son of Berechiah, and an ancestor of the Asaphim. The Asaphim were one of the guilds of musicians in the Jerusalem temple. This information is clarified in the books 1 and 2 of Chronicles. In Chronicles, it is said that Asaph was a descendant of Gershom the son of Levi and he is identified as a member of the Levi'im. He is also known as one of the three Levi'im commissioned by King David to be in charge of singing in the Temple.



Thought by some to have been a Byzantine Jew [1] and the earliest known Hebrew medical writer [2] , he is however a rather uncertain figure who some have suggested is identifiable with the legendary mystical vizier Asif ibn Barkhiya of Arabian folklore, associated with King Solomon and hence of dubious historicity. However, the text itself from which Asaph is known seems to place him between Hippocrates and Pedanius Dioscorides , which if chronological would imply that he might have been thought to have been between the 5th Century BCE and 1st Century CE, though this is very uncertain. The Sefer Refuot , the only known historical Jewish text to mention Asaph and which he may have written or contributed to , is the earliest known Hebrew medical work, and thus of great historical significance. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Byzantine Jewry in the Mediterranean Economy , p. Dumbarton Oaks Papers.


Asaph the Jew

One of the captive Levites carried off to Assyria I Chron. To him is ascribed a very remarkable treatise on medicine, called "Sefer Asaf," "Midrash Refu'ot," or "Sefer Refu'ot"—Probably the oldest treatise of its kind in Hebrew—manuscripts of which exist in the libraries of Florence, Paris, Munich, Vienna Pinsker 15, fragmentary , London Almanzi collection; see Steinschneider, "Hebr. The contents of these manuscripts vary; but, in general, they contain treatises on the Persian months, physiology, embryology, the four periods of man's life, the four winds, diseases of various organs, hygiene, medicinal plants, medical calendar, the practise of medicine, as well as an antidotarium, urinology, aphorisms, and the Hippocratic oath. The introduction is in the form of the later Midrash, and ascribes the origin of medicine to Shem, the son of Noah, who received it from the angels. The only authorities cited are "the books of the wise men of India," and a "book of the ancients," from which the present work was translated. In other places, Steinschneider has suspected the influence of Galen.


Asaph Ha-Rofe


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