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The idea of an expanding universe, which has a beginning, and the idea that space, time and matter-energy have a contingent character, opened a fertile space for dialogue among science, philosophy and theology. Simultaneously, following the numerous attempts at incorporating quantum mechanics findings in the cosmological model and new observational data, the inflationary scenarios have been taken into consideration and new cosmological models have been built, proposing new hypotheses, such as that of multiverse.
Many of these notions are of interest nowadays in the dialogue among science, philosophy and theology. The presence of Eastern Christian theology in such a debate is unprecedented. Patristic thought on cosmology is centred on the biblical meanings of Creation, as fixed in the Old and the New Testament, understood in a broad, encompassing hermeneutic, specific to the Orthodox space, where Revelation is expressed not only by accurate language, rooted in ancient Greek philosophy and the Judaic tradition, but also by numerous aporias, paradoxes and antinomies, in an ecclesial spirit of recognition of the Mystery of Creation, with all the apophatic aspects derived therefrom.
All of these bring to light new, significant resources, for opening up and dialogue among Orthodox theology, philosophy and recent cosmology. This section of the course is intended to provide a systematic presentation of these aspects.
The science segment of the course will include a brief history of cosmology and present the three most widely known models of the universe, i.
The course will also address concepts and processes employed in cosmological model descriptions: singularity, dark matter, black holes, nucleosynthesis. It will also tackle the concepts of beginning principle , origin and ex-nihilo creation , as an interface in the theology-science dialogue ; the distinctions emerging from a philosophical perspective; and the hermeneutic coordinates of the biblical account of cosmogony, from the patristic perspective.
Explaining concepts such as beginning, principle, origin, ex-nihilo and theirusage in science, philosophy and theology. As regards the STR, the concepts discussed will include: reference system, Lorentz transformations, the Doppler effect , the mass-energy equivalence. In relation to GTR the following concepts will be addressed: the advance of the perihelion of the planet Mercury, light deflection, gravitational lenses and black holes.
Considerations of patristic theology and metaphysics on space and time will also be explored. Understanding how we can capitalize on current knowledge in science, philosophy and theology to be able to distinguish between the concepts of time and sacred space, time and lay space and time and space as explained by physics.
A major part of the course will deal with certain aspects of information, i. A specialist in bioinformation will be invited for the segment on information in living organisms.
Additional focus will be on the concepts of matter and substance , respectively , as treated in classical Greek metaphysics and energy work , as understood in patristic theology St. Gregory of Palamas. Explaining the concepts of created and uncreated energy , employed in theology. The course will examine the building blocks of the living world proteins and nucleic acids and some of the most important elements of genetic mutations, viewed as errors in DNA replication.
The science segment of the course will address notions regarding the evolution of living systems , based on the second principle of thermodynamics. From the philosophical perspective , the course will explore the meanings of life and of the world of life Lebenswelt , with a special focus on the phenomenology of the body, and the notion of body in theology, philosophy and bioethics. The theological approach will discuss the distinctions between concepts such as zoe and epibiose , related to the biological and the spiritual life.
Modern-day representations of the body in theology, philosophy and bioethics and their role in fostering the care and responsibility for life. The course will also address the meanings of the concept of time especially with reference to kairos and chronos , the nomos-cosmos relationship in the Greek tradition and the beauty and order of creation , their relationship with the logos , and the relationship between sin and disorder , as reflected by Eastern patristic theology.
The course will focus on the distinction between principle theories and constructive theories proposed by Einstein , as a pretext for the introduction of differences between description, explanation and understanding, referencing scientific theories James T. Reference will also be made to the hermeneutic distinction between explanation and understanding advanced by Dilthey and to how the two concepts can be integrated in scientific theories and to the need to recognise and reclaim meanings.
The various understandings of meaning will also be tackled: the meaning of social and historical development , the meaning of human life , the meaning of life in general , the distinction between meaning and finality , and the meanings of finality, as evidenced by philosophy, theology and science, with a particular focus on the rationality and ecclesial dynamic of the cosmos. Relevance of understanding these concepts for choosing a particular path for personal development. Presentation Applicants Project team Support group Activities Postgraduate Course Gnoseology and epistemology Scientific, philosophical and theological cosmology Anthropology from the scientific, philosophical and theological perspective Ethics and spiritual edification Media Beneficiaries Forum News.
Scientific, philosophical and theological cosmology. Does the universe have a purpose? What is the place of man in the Universe and how is the Universe reflected in the human person? The origin of the universe. Current cosmological models The science segment of the course will include a brief history of cosmology and present the three most widely known models of the universe, i. The subthemes that will be integrated in activities with students will focus on: Acquiring certain notions regarding the current cosmological model Big Bang and alternative cosmological models.
Understanding concepts such as matter, energy and information , and theirusage in science, philosophy and theology. Understanding the concepts of life, spiritual life, flesh leiber , sarks , corp korper , soma as they are used in sciences, philosophy and theology. Understanding the relationship between physical order, biological order and human thought.
Entropy and sin: cosmic degradation and moral disorder. Understanding the usage of the concepts of meaning and finality in theology, philosophy and sciences, and their relationship with the concepts of purpose and significance.
Scientific, philosophical and theological cosmology