Article DOI: Aholou R. Manuscript Info Abstract. Gaertn on reproductive traits and Received: 16 August hemogram in rabbit do. Then, 60 nulliparous rabbits do and 12 males Final Accepted: 18 September were divided into 3 lots.
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Article DOI: Aholou R. Manuscript Info Abstract. Gaertn on reproductive traits and Received: 16 August hemogram in rabbit do. Then, 60 nulliparous rabbits do and 12 males Final Accepted: 18 September were divided into 3 lots. In lot 1, the animals hadnt received any plant Published: October treatment. It appears that the highest litter nodiflora. The greatest average daily gain Concentration in white blood cells red blood cells, and hemoglobin, and the hematocrit were respectively 6.
Overall, the main effect of leaves of Cissus populnea and Synedrella nodiflora is to increase litter size and to reduce kidding interval in rabbit does.
All rights reserved. Introduction:- Rabbit breeding is a source of important cash income for households in Sub-Saharan Africa in general and particulary in Benin. Rabbit meat is very appreciated by consumers for its good nutritional and dietary values Zotte Dalle, This lean meat type has a high rate of unsaturated fatty acids, low in cholesterol, proteins of high. Corresponding Author:- Tougan Polycarpe Ulbad. ISSN: Int. The manure is also used for soil fertility management.
In Benin, rabbit production is an activity of great economic interest which is currently emerging and practiced in all districts. The statistics reported by the Association of Rabbit Breeders ARB of Benin indicate that the number of rabbits does increased from in to in with a numerical productivity at weaning varying from 20 to 25 rabbits per female per year Akpo et al. The improvement of this productivity depends on the control of feeding, health monitoring, rabbit breeding management and reducing mortality of young rabbits Farougou et al.
In tropical conditions, rabbit produces an average of 6. The average live weight of weaned rabbit varies between g and g at 35 days of age Akpo, ; Akpo et al. The average live weight of rabbits after fattening during a period of 56 days is ranged from 1.
These performances are considerably lower than those obtained in the European countries. This difference is not only related to the genotype of rabbit and the rearing conditions but also to the improvement of their reproductive performances by hormonal methods Perrier et al. The relatively high cost of conventional oestrus synchronization products, the delicacy of their instructions and packaging requirements do not allow all farmers to use it wisely.
Therefore, the valuation of local hormonal plant resources becomes necessary. The study carried out by Koutinhouin et al. Gaertn leaves used in rabbit feeding as feed supplement on the reproductive performance showed that such leaves improves fertility rate and litter size, and reduces significantly the mortality rate from birth to weaning. As found for Synedrella nodiflora L. According to Yakubu et al. The findings of Ojekale et al.
Gaertn leaves used as feedstuff on the reproductive parameters in rabbit does in order to better valuate those sex hormone plant in rabbit breeding in Benin. Synedrella nodiflora L. Gaertn is described in the literature as having several medicinal properties Hidayat, a; Bhogaonkar et al. Its leaves are reported as containing estradiol, haageanolide and alkane, sterol and triterpenes Hidayat, b.
Moreover, this plant species is particularly rich in sesquiterpene lactones, polyacetylenes, steroids, terpenoids, alkaloids, saponins and various heterocyclic compounds Bhogaonkar et al. Belonging to the family of Vitaceae, Cissus populnea Guill. Cissus populnea has been reported in several studies to be used in the management of infertility in males, skin diseases, sickle cell, antimicrobial, anti-helminthic, diuretics Moody et al.
Phytochemical profile of Cissus populnea leaves indicating that its very rich in saponins 2. The stem bark has been reported to contain carbohydrates, tannins, cyanogenic glycosides, anthraquinones, saponins, cardiac glycosides and flavonoids Ibrahim et al. Although some authors report that the aqueous extracts of the leaves of Cissus populnea Guill.
Gaertn are toxic Olukunle and Abatan, ; Dutta et al. The aim of the present work was to compare the impact of incorporation of Cissus populnea Guill. Gaertn leaves in the diet on reproductive performances of rabbits does of common breed reared in Benin.
Material and Methods:- Area of study:- The study was conducted from March, to December, in three rabbit farms in the municipality of Abomey-Calavi in Benin figure1. Situated at latitude of 6 27' north and at a longitude of 2 21' east, the Municipality of Abomey-Calavi covers an area of km2 with a population of inhabitants INSAE This area exhibits climatic conditions of sub-equatorial type, characterized by two rainy seasons with an uneven distribution of rainfall: major from April to July and minor from September to November.
These two seasons are separated by a dry season. Average rainfall is close to mm per year. Vegetal material:- The vegetal materials used herein were Cissus populnea Guill. As reported by Koutinhouin et al. Gaertn is a highly variable, weedy species.
Gaertn is of Asteraceae family, annual plant and an erect branched ephemeral herb usually cm tall Hidayat, a. This plant is originated from America and now distributed pan-tropically and occurring throughout the West African Region. Animal management:- The current study was carried out on nulliparous rabbits does and 24 males divided into 3 lots of 48 including 40 nulliparous females and 8 males.
Water was also supplied ad libitum. Lighting program was constant, 16 hours-light: 8 hours-dark, and ventilation was natural. In lot 1, the animals hadnt received any plant treatement based on Cissus populnea Guill. Gaertn leaves and were fed with a conventional pellet feeds. Males were allowed to mate twice with the same doe at the 11 th day post-parturition.
Receptivity was assessed visually during mating. The pregnancy was determined by palpation. After kidding, does and their bunnies were housed together up to weaning. Health monitoring was based on the use of aseptic foot baths at the entrance of each farm buildings; vitamin and antibiotics drenching was used to prevent disease. Preventive treatment against coccidiosis was also done. A standard prophylactic endoparasitic and ectoparasitic control schedule was applied.
Occasional diseases were treated specifically according to the clinical signs detected. Data collection:- Data collection was done from the individual data record form of each reproductive animal and young rabbit by lot.
In total, the study of reproductive parameters was recorded on rabbit does and the weight growth was evaluated from their young rabbits. The number of females in estrus, the number of mated females and the number of pregnant. Statistical analysis:- The variables included in the data analysis were: litter size at birth and at weaning, the fertility rate, kidding rate, the stillbirth rate, the mortality rate from birth to weaning and the live weight of kids at birth and at 35 days post-birth.
Proc GLM procedure was used for variance analysis. The test of Fisher was used to evaluate the effect of the treatment on the different growth and reproductive traits considered. Means comparisons were made by Student t-test.
Gaertn leaves on the litter size and growth The effect of Synedrella nodiflora L. Gaertn leaves was significant P0. Indeed, the highest number of born alive were recorded in the lot 3 7. Therefore, Cissus populnea Guill. Gaertn leaves improve significantly the litter size in rabbit does, and then can improve profitability of rabbit breeding in sub-Saharan Africa.
According to Apori et al. According to Moce and Santacreu most maternal lines are selected based on litter size at weaning, since this trait reflects both the prolificacy and mothering ability of the doe. In the current study, the live weights at birth, at 35 days and at 56 days old of young rabbits from the control group were higher P0.
The average daily gain ADG recorded in animals of lot 3 Gaertn leaves was the highest followed by the animals of the control lot The average daily gain ADG recorded in animals of lot 2 suggested to pellet diet containing Cissus populnea Guill.
This impact of Synedrella nodiflora L. Gaertn leaves used as feed supplement for rabbits on the litter size and young rabbit growth could be related to the chemical composition of the leaves of S. Gaertn, and more specifically to its hormonal content.
According to Hidayat b , S. Gaertn contains estradiol and haageanolide. Furthermore, leaf contains alkane, sterol and triterpenes.
The study of Hidayat b on the properties of S. Gaertn reveals also that upon steam distillation of the leaves, Synedrella nodiflora L. Gaertn yields a yellow colored essential oil 0. From the ethanol extract of the whole plant, the triterpenoid saponin nodifloside A oleanolic acid 3-O-'beta'-D-xylopyranosyl-'beta'-D-glucopyranuronosyl methylate was isolated, together with the triterpenoid oleanic acidO-'beta'-D-glucopyranuronosyl methylate, and the steroids 'beta'-sitosterol, stigmasterol, stigmasterolO-'beta'-D-glycoside and rosasterol.
Gaertn also contains a high content of estradiol. Moreover, since , Mannan and Ahmad have cited Synedrella nodiflora L. Gaertn in the 4 main sex hormones plants Synedrella Nodiflora L.
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Article DOI: Aholou R. Manuscript Info Abstract. Gaertn on reproductive traits and Received: 16 August hemogram in rabbit do. Then, 60 nulliparous rabbits do and 12 males Final Accepted: 18 September were divided into 3 lots. In lot 1, the animals hadnt received any plant Published: October treatment.
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