Wholeness and the Implicate Order is a book by theoretical physicist David Bohm. It was originally published in by Routledge , Great Britain. The book is considered a basic reference for Bohm's concepts of undivided wholeness and of implicate and explicate orders , as well as of Bohm's rheomode - an experimental language based on verbs. The book is cited, for example, by philosopher Steven M. Farrell in Babylon's Banksters ,  and by theologian John C.
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This article discusses the vision David Bohm intuited from his insight gnosis into the quantum world. This vision discerns the characteristics of an evolving cosmos in process; and, also, it ponders upon the implications for humanity.
Bohm's scientific presentations are not in this article; however, they can be found in his books listed in the Reference Section at the end of these series of articles. David Bohm, an American, was one of the leading quantum physicists of our age. He died recently. During his later years he linked a formidable knowledge of the history and philosophy of science to his keen experience as a physicist. In recent years, Bohm attempted to explain an ontological basis for quantum theory.
The basis of quantum theory can be summarized in three propositions:. In the subatomic world, few things can be predicted with percent precision; however, accurate predictions can be made about the probability of any particular outcome.
One has to work with the probabilities rather than certainties, because it is impossible for an observer to describe all aspects of a particle at once speed and location. Electromagnetic energy such as light or heat does not always behave like a continuous wave--rather it is grainy, because energy can be transferred only in quantum packages. Therefore, light has a dual character. Under certain circumstances, it may display wavelike aspects; and in other circumstances, it may have the characteristics of particles.
The theory of the Implicate Order contains an ultraholistic cosmic view; it connects everything with everything else. In principle, any individual element could reveal "detailed information about every other element in the universe. During the early s Bohm developed his theory of the Implicate Order in order to explain the bizarre behavior of subatomic particles--behavior that quantum phyicists have not been able to explain.
Basically, two subatomic particles that have once interacted can instantaneously "respond to each other's motions thousands of years later when they are light-years apart. Bohm believes that the bizarre behavior of the subatomic particles might be caused by unobserved subquantum forces and particles.
Indeed, the apparent weirdness might be produced by hidden means that pose no conflict with ordinary ideas of causality and reality. Bohm believes that this "hiddeness" may be reflective of a deeper dimension of reality.
He maintains that space and time might actually be derived from an even deeper level of objective reality. This reality he calls the Implicate Order. Within the Implicate Order everything is connected; and, in theory, any individual element could reveal information about every other element in the universe. Holography relies upon wave interference. If two wavelengths of light are of differing frequencies, they will interfere with each other and create a pattern.
Proceeding from his holographic analogy, Bohm proposes a new order--the Implicate Order where "everything is enfolded into everything. Bohm puts it thus:. Such movement of light waves is present everywhere and in principle enfolds the entire universe of space and time in each region. This enfoldment and unfoldment takes place not only in the movement of the electromagnetic field but also in that of other fields electronic, protonic, etc. These fields obey quantum-mechanical laws, implying the properties of discontinuity and non-locality.
The totality of the movement of enfoldment and unfoldment may go immensely beyond what has revealed itself to our observations. Within this milieu there are independent sub-totalities such as physical elements and human entities with relative autonomy. The layers of the Implicate Order can go deeper and deeper to the ultimately unknown. It is this "unknown and undescribable totality" that Bohm calls the holomovement. The holomovement is the "fundamental ground of all matter.
Finally, the manifest world is part of what Bohm refers to as the "explicate order. Summarizing, Bohm uses analogies most ingeniously as he attempts to simplify his theory. Bohm suggests that instead of thinking of particles as the fundamental reality, the focus should be on discrete particle-like quanta in a continuous field. On the basis of this quantum field, Bohm breaks down the Implicate Order into three categories:.
The first category is the original, "continuous field" itself along with its movement. Bohm likens this continuous field to a television screen displaying an infinite variety of explicate forms. The second category is obtained by considering superquantum wave function acting upon the field.
Bohm considers it to be similar to a computer which supplies the information that arranges the various forms--in the first category. Folling this analogy, Bohm sees the whole process as a closed loop; it goes from the screen to the computer to the Player and back to the screen.
Bohm's theory of the Implicate Order stresses that the cosmos is in a state of process. Bohm's cosmos is a "feedback" universe that continuously recycles forward into a greater mode of being and consciousness. Bohm believes in a special cosmic interiority. Everything that is and will be in this cosmos is enfolded within the Implicate Order. There is a special cosmic movement that carries forth the process of enfoldment and unfoldment into the explicate order.
This process of cosmic movement, in endless feedback cycles, creates an infinite variety of manifest forms and mentality. This Player, the Cosmic Mind, is moving cyclically onward and onward accruing an infinity of experienced being! At the very depths of the ground of all existence Bohm believes that there exists a special energy. For Bohm it is the plenum; it is an "immense background of energy.
He calls this the "holomovement. Bohm also refers to a law in the holomovement. He theorizes that the 'order in every immediately perceptible aspect of the world is to be regarded as coming out of a more comprehensive Implicate Order, in which all aspects ultimately merge in the undefinable and immeasurable holomovement.
Holonomy, through a wide range of aspects, can be considered a "movement in which new wholes are emerging. What is it that emerges from this ultimate ground, this "unknown totality of the universal flux?
It is the interplay between the implicate and the explicate orders. It is the flow of matter, manifested and interdependent, towards consciousness. Right off Bohm refers to the particle, the most essential building- block of matter.
He considers the particle, fundamentally, to be only an "abstraction that is manifest to our senses. Bohm's explicate order, however, is secondary--derivative. It flows out of the law of the Implicate Order, a law that stresses the relationships between the enfolded structures that interweave each other throughout cosmic space rather than between the "abstracted and separate forms that manifest to the senses.
Bohm's explanation of "manifest" is basically that in certain sub-orders, within the "whole set" of Implicate Order, there is a "totality of forms that have an approximate kind of recurrence, stability and separability. Bohm also declares that the "implicate order has to be extended into a multidimensional reality. Thus we have to say that the holomovement enfolds and unfolds in a multidimensional order, the dimensionality of which is effectively infinite.
Thus the principle of relative autonomy of sub-totalities--is now seen to extend to the multi-dimensional order of reality. Bohm illustrates this higher-dimensional reality by showing the relationship of two televised images of a fish tank, where the fish are seen through two walls at right angles to one another.
What is seen is that there is a certain "relationship between the images appearing on the two screens. The same can be said of all living matter. There is no dichotomy. Bohm conceives of consciousness as more than information and the brain; rather it is information that enters into consciousness.
For Bohm consciousness "involves awareness, attention, perception, acts of understanding, and perhaps yet more. Consciousness, Bohm notes, can be "described in terms of a series of moments. Bohm considers the human individual to be an "intrinsic feature of the universe, which would be incomplete--in some fundamental sense" if the person did not exist.
He believes that individuals participate in the whole and consequently give it meaning. Because of human participation, the "Implicate Order is getting to know itself better. Bohm also senses a new development. The individual is in total contact with the Implicate Order, the individual is part of the whole of mankind, and he is the "focus for something beyond mankind. The collectivity of individuals have reached the "principle of the consciousness of mankind," but they have not quite the "energy to reach the whole, to put it all on fire.
Continuing with this theme on the transformation of consciousness, Bohm goes on to suggest that an intense heightening of individuals who have shaken off the "pollution of the ages" wrong worldviews that propagate ignorance , who come into close and trusting relationship with one another, can begin to generate the immense power needed to ignite the whole consciousness of the world.
In the depths of the Implicate Order, there is a "consciousness, deep down--of the whole of mankind. It is this collective consciousness of mankind that is truly significant for Bohm.
It is this collective consciousness that is truly one and indivisible, and it is the responsibility of each human person to contribute towards the building of this consciousness of mankind, this noosphere!
That is absolutely what has to be done and nothing else can work. Bohm also believes that the individual will eventually be fulfilled upon the completion of cosmic noogenesis.
Referring to all the elements of the cosmos, including human beings, as projections of an ultimate totality, Bohm notes that as a "human being takes part in the process of this totality, he is fundamentally changed in the very activity in which his aim is to change that reality, which is the content of his consciousness.
Bohm refers to this ultimate level--the source of the nonmanifest--as the Subtle Nonmanifest, something akin to spirit, a mover, but still matter in the sense that it is a part of the Implicate Order. Trying to describe the Subtle Nonmanifest, Bohm states that the "subtle is what is basic and the manifest is its result.
Bohm poetically thinks of this cosmic Subtle Nonmanifest in a state of meditation. But what is it doing? Meditation means "to reflect, to turn something over in the mind, and to pay close attention. Possibly Bohm is considering the infinite potential of what he terms "multidimensional reality. It is a Player who operates in a feedback universe. Bohm provides the analogy of the "continuous field," the information, and the Player of the whole game.
This process is ever endless, ever expanding or evolving, as the Player gathers all to itself. The player continuously grasps itself. There are certain characteristics that can be discerned from Bohm's cosmic model.
David Bohm, Quantum Mechanics and Enlightenment
Some scientists seek to clarify reality, others to mystify it. David Bohm seemed driven by both impulses. He is renowned for promoting a sensible according to Einstein and other experts interpretation of quantum mechanics. But Bohm also asserted that science can never fully explain the world, and his book Wholeness and the Implicate Order delved into spirituality. In The End of Science I tried to make sense of this paradoxical truth-seeker, who died in at the age of Below is an edited version of that profile.
Wholeness and the Implicate Order
In a four-dimensional reality, all lower dimensions would appear as abstractions from the totality in the same way that a line or a plane presently have no actual existence to us and are abstractions Wholeness and the Implicate Order. David Bohm. David Bohm was one of the foremost scientific thinkers and philosophers of our time.