EXANTHEMATOUS DISEASES OF CHILDHOOD PDF

A viral exanthem is an eruptive skin rash that is often related to a viral infection. Immunizations have decreased the number of cases of measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox, but all viral skin infections require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Each of the viral exanthems listed here have a distinct pattern, which can aid in the diagnosis. Rubeola, also called day measles, red measles, or measles, is a very contagious viral illness that results in a distinct rash. It is spread from one child to another through direct contact with discharge from the nose and throat, or via air-borne droplets from an infected child. Measles is a highly contagious disease that usually consists of a rash, fever, and cough.

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The childhood exanthems include a spectrum of common and uncommon disorders caused by a variety of pathogens. In this article, timely issues relating to immunization for measles and varicella are discussed. Recently reported exanthematous illnesses, including papular-purpuric gloves and socks syndrome, unilateral laterothoracic exanthem, and eruptive pseudo-angiomatosis, are described.

The current research and debate about bacterial toxins as the cause of Kawasaki syndrome are presented. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features!

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Similar articles Long-term epidemiologic longitudinal study on the effect of vaccines on public inoculation. Matsuoka I, et al. Turk J Pediatr. PMID: Childhood exanthems. Frieden IJ. Curr Opin Pediatr. PMID: Review. Old and new. Frieden IJ, et al. Pediatr Clin North Am. One dose of varicella vaccine does not prevent school outbreaks: is it time for a second dose? Lopez AS, et al. Castelli F, Urbinati L. Castelli F, et al. G Ital Med Lav Ergon. PMID: Italian. Show more similar articles See all similar articles.

Publication types Review Actions. Child Actions. Child, Preschool Actions. Diagnosis, Differential Actions. Humans Actions. Incidence Actions. Prognosis Actions. Risk Factors Actions. Substances Chickenpox Vaccine Actions. Measles Vaccine Actions. Full-text links [x] Elsevier Science.

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Viral Exanthems (Rashes)

The childhood exanthems include a spectrum of common and uncommon disorders caused by a variety of pathogens. In this article, timely issues relating to immunization for measles and varicella are discussed. Recently reported exanthematous illnesses, including papular-purpuric gloves and socks syndrome, unilateral laterothoracic exanthem, and eruptive pseudo-angiomatosis, are described. The current research and debate about bacterial toxins as the cause of Kawasaki syndrome are presented. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable.

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Common Childhood Exanthems

Several viral and bacterial illnesses may be accompanied by localized or generalized skin eruptions called exanthems. These eruptions may be the first manifestation of a disorder and often are the reason for parents and patients to pursue medical evaluation. Prompt recognition and diagnosis of exanthems is desirable and may dictate that other examinations be performed to assess for systemic associations. Although identification of the exact infectious agent is not always practical or possible, knowledge of the most common causes of the various exanthems is important from an epidemiologic perspective. For instance, when diagnosing a child with a parvovirus Brelated exanthematous disease, consideration of at-risk contacts i. The majority of childhood exanthems are caused by viruses and less often by bacterial or rickettsial agents.

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