The play will be staged at Mini Theatre in Kalamandira premises at 6. Sanchalana Trust performed the play Ghashiram Kotwal as part of their concluding day in the one-month theatre camp conducted by the Trust in Mysuru recently. Ghashiram Kotwal is written by playwright Vijay Tendulkar in as a response to the rise of a local political party, Shiv Sena, in Maharashtra. The play is a political satire, written as historical drama.
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Ghashiram Kotwal is very famous in history. He was a Kanoja Brahmin from Aurangabad and one amongst the many who flocked to Poona from all parts of India to make their fortune at service or trade. Possessed of amiable manners, a quick intelligence and an attractive appearance, he easily got an introduction to the Poona Durbar and secured the favour of Nana Phadnavis. It was then rumoured in Poona that he had a beautiful daughter named Lalita Gauri, who was the reason behind his rapid rise. Ghashiram soon rose to power, and became the Kotwal or head of the Poona Police in He was no doubt an able and efficient officer and took great pains to improve and enlarge the Police department.
From old records we find that the office of Kotwal was taken from Anandrao Kashi and given to Ghashiram Savaldas in He was confirmed in office in , at a fixed salary of Rupees a year, including an allowance of Rs 66 for an attendant to hold his umbrella and Rs 55 for the torch bearer.
As the Kotwal of Poona, he was instructed to effect or abide by the following : —. The duties of the office should be carried on honestly and in conformity with the established practice. Roads should be kept in good order. New verandahs and sheds, if constructed without permission after the Great Fire in the city, should be pulled down. Information should be regularly collected in each Peith regarding conspirators coming into the city and the Government should be informed about their movements.
Proper arrangements should be made to keep watch at night, thefts should be detected carefully, and offenders sent to Government for trial. Seventy-eight peons, at a cost of Ks.
Married women should not be given permission to become prostitutes. Ghashiram had three officers under him, each for three different departments entrusted to the care of the Kotwal. The Mujumdar wrote out the writs and deeds, another officer kept the registers, and the third was the head revenue officer.
The salary of these three officers amounted to Rs. The income from all these Police stations was about 25, rupees per year. With the growth of the population in the city, the limited number of Police guards was found to be insufficient, and in , 25 more Police guards were created at a cost of Rs 3, It was estimated that Ghashiram had a charge over a force of about Police constables which number was increased in subsequent years as necessity arose.
It is interesting to note the offences for which fines were imposed : —. It can be easily noticed that offences for sexual immorality were the most prevalent, which will partially accounts for the unpopularity of Kotwal Ghashiram.
The social corruption that prevailed in Poona at this period must have allowed full scope for the lower propensities of an adventurer like Ghashiram, who became oppressive and high-handed in conduct, largely on account of the support and favour he enjoyed of Nana Phadnavis. This creation of his own environment exhibited misdeeds that brought about his end in a most pitiable and cruel way. Captain Moor, on the authority of Sir Charles Malet, narrates the incident in the following terms : —.
But even here, in a Brahmanical and royal sanctuary, he was not safe ; and the Peshwa, yielding to his fears, gave up the unhappy man into the hands of the frantic mob, headed by a number of Telingae : of which tribe were the unfortunate sufferers. Findlay, Surgeon to out legation at Poona ; who also saw the mangled corpse. I was not there at the time, but have often passed the spot so suited to melancholy, although, perhaps, not unprofitable, sensations. Sir Charles Malet, and Mr.
Uhthoff, were at Poona and were much affected by so deplorable an event. Ghashiram met his end in such a cruel and detestable manner, but it may be said to his credit that with all his defects he well regulated the Poona Police and established a new Peith, known as Nawapura, to the east of Bhawani Peith, and built a tank and a garden on the road to Hadapsar.
Like this: Like Loading Truth within, shines without. Recording what is lit within. What seems and appears, to ignite a flare. In one inclusive journal you are now reading.
View all posts by vamadevananda. Hi Excellent write up.. There are 2 questions that came to me. Need this info. Hi, I do believe this is a great web site. The only freedom I know, and can vouch for, is the one that accrues on account of knowledge — on what we know and hence discriminate between what is valueable enough and what is not.
The The ruling Peshwa that time was Sawai Madhavrao. But practically all the political power was with Nana Phadnis. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account.
Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Skip to content. As the Kotwal of Poona, he was instructed to effect or abide by the following : — 1. Two new Police posts should be established in Narayan Peith and Shaniwar Peith, as owing to want of sufficient Police posts offences in those parts were not detected. The Kotwal Chavdi 2. The Somwar Police Station 3. Vetal Police Station 4. Aditwar Police Station 5. Narayan Peith Police Station 6. Shanwar Police Station The income from all these Police stations was about 25, rupees per year.
It is interesting to note the offences for which fines were imposed : — Becoming prostitutes without the permission of Government. Concealing an offence. Possessing intestate property without informing Government. Disobeying Government orders knowingly.
Killing goats without permission. False complaint for adultery. Passing counterfeit coin. Drinking the number of accused persons was 40 only. Dining with caste people though excommunicated. Dining at the hands of a person of a lower caste. Following the profession of a pimp. Purchasing girls for prostitution without permission.
Indecent assaults on women. Kidnaping women, children and slaves. Remarrying during the lifetime of a husband. Disputes regarding commercial transactions. Engaging in the service of Kolis, possibly for political reasons.
The Infamous Kotwali… as it is today! Published by vamadevananda. Published April 23, August 15, Previous Post Previous Post. Thank you very much for the write-up. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others. Money of course is welcome, anyday, anytime, and howsoevermuch!
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THE STORY OF GHASHIRAM KOTWAL - A PROVOST OF PUNE
On this day, 45 years ago, a few theatre lovers who had assembled at Bharat Natya Mandir, Pune, to watch a play as part of the Maharashtra state drama competition were left stunned, the judges confused. Playwright Vijay Tendulkar was accused of turning a cult hero, Phadnavis, into a Marathi Machiavelli — who was corrupt, scheming and sexually exploited women — and many could not understand why. Its theme is how men in power Phadnavis create puppets Ghashiram to serve their own purpose, and later destroy them when they become useless. But the powers that be in s Maharashtra did not get it and after 19 performances, the Progressive Dramatic Association banned the play. After much protest, it was revived in
The End of Ghashiram Kotwal
Ghashiram Kotwal is very famous in history. He was a Kanoja Brahmin from Aurangabad and one amongst the many who flocked to Poona from all parts of India to make their fortune at service or trade. Possessed of amiable manners, a quick intelligence and an attractive appearance, he easily got an introduction to the Poona Durbar and secured the favour of Nana Phadnavis. It was then rumoured in Poona that he had a beautiful daughter named Lalita Gauri, who was the reason behind his rapid rise. Ghashiram soon rose to power, and became the Kotwal or head of the Poona Police in He was no doubt an able and efficient officer and took great pains to improve and enlarge the Police department. From old records we find that the office of Kotwal was taken from Anandrao Kashi and given to Ghashiram Savaldas in
Journal : The Historical Ghashiram Kotwal
Ghashiram Kotwal is a Marathi play written by playwright Vijay Tendulkar in as a response to the rise of a local political party, in Maharashtra. It is based on the life of Nana Phadnavis — , one of the prominent ministers in the court of the Peshwa of Pune and Ghashiram Kotwal, the police chief of the city. Its theme is how men in power give rise to ideologies to serve their purposes, and later destroy them when they become useless. Jabbar Patel 's production of the play in is considered a classic in Modern Indian Theatre. Tendulkar based his play on a story by author-historian Moroba Kanhoba who tossed together history and fiction to write Ghashiram Kotwal and saw it as something of a simple morality play. The play initially generated a huge controversy, but has been considered a success in the following years. The play was staged at different venues during a tour of Western Europe in
Ghashiram Kotwal: Interrogating The Rise Of The Shiv Sena
Ghashiram Kotwal is a Marathi film, which is an adaptation of Vijay Tendulkar 's play of the same name. Tendulkar himself wrote the screenplay. Coming at the height of the Parallel cinema movement in India, the film was an experiment in collective filmmaking. The title role was played by Om Puri , who made his debut with this film. The final shot of the film lasts for more than ten minutes.