Para tanto, realizaram-se dois estudos consecutivos. Instruments that assess adult attachment are based on the notion that patterns of bonding established in early childhood transpose to romantic relationships in adult life. The aim of this research was to seek validity evidences of an instrument to assess adult attachment, translated and adapted to Brazil: Experience in Close Relationships Inventory ECR. Two consecutive studies were performed. In the first the ECR was translated and responded by college students.
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The evolutionary perspective on romantic relationships. Victor Kenji M. Palavras-chave: Amor. Teoria do Apego. Perspectiva Evolucionista. Romantic relationships have a strong impact in our lives.
However, an integrative approach of biological and social perspectives on this subject can lead to a better comprehension of the reasons for long or short relationships.
This work aimed to contribute to Brazilian literature about this topic with a review on concepts about Love, Attachment Theory and Sexual Strategies based on an evolutionary perspective.
The observed gaps on the topic and the results obtained by some research in our country are encouraging to maintain this theoretical integration at this research field that could be applied in couples counseling, contributing to satisfaction within romantic relationships.
Keywords: Love. Attachment Theory. Sexual Strategies. Evolutionary Perspective. Les relations amoureuses ont un fort impact sur nos vies quotidiennes. Las relaciones amorosas tienen un fuerte impacto en nuestra vida cotidiana. Palabras-clave: Amor. Estrategias Sexuales. Perspectiva Evolutiva. Que mecanismos favorecem o apego por uma determinada pessoa? Por exemplo, Harlow define amor como um estado maravilhoso, profundo, delicado e gratificante.
Nessa mesma perspectiva, Fisher et al. Sternberg publicada em Escolhas para a vida toda? Paralelo a esses estudos, a abordagem evolucionista no estudo do comportamento humano vem se consolidando. Ainsworth, M. Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation.
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New York, NY: Guilford. Berscheid, E. Searching for the meaning of "Love". Weis Eds. Bowlby, J. The nature of the child's tie to his mother. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 39 , Apego e perda: Vol. Dutra, trad. Apego e perda: Vol I. Apego 3a ed. Cabral, trad. Regenberg, O. Hegenberg, trads.
Self-report measurement of adult attachment: An integrative overview. Rholes Eds. Buss, D. Love acts: The evolutionary biology of love. Barnes Eds. Sexual strategies theory: An evolutionary perspective on human mating. Psychological Review , , Cassepp-Borges, V. Castro, F. Romantic preferences in brazilian undergraduate students: From the short term to the long term.
Journal of Sex Research , 47 , Chisholm, J. The evolutionary ecology of attachment organization. Human Nature , 7 1 , Collins, N. Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 58 4 , A safe haven: An attachment theory Perspective on support seeking and caregiving in intimate relationships.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 78 6 , Crowell, J. Measurement of individual differences in adolescent and adult attachment. Feeney, J. Adult romantic attachment: Developments in the study of couple relationships. Fehr, B. Prototype analysis of the concept of love and commitment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 55 4 , The status of theory and research on love and commitment. Clark Eds. Oxford: Blackwell. A prototype approach to studying love.
The concept of love viewed from a prototype perspective. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 60 3 , Fisher, H. The drive to love: The neural mechanism for mate selection. Defining the brain systems of lust, romantic attraction, and attachment. Archieves of Sexual Behavior , 31 5 , Fraley, R. Adult romantic attachment: Theoretical developments, emerging controversies, and unanswered questions. Review of General Psychology , 4 , Gangestad, S.
The evolution of human mating: Trade-offs and strategic pluralism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences , 23 , Geary, D. Evolution of human mate choice.
Historia de la teoría del apego
Attachment theory has been generating creative and impactful research for almost half a century. In this article we focus on the documented antecedents and consequences of individual differences in infant attachment patterns, suggesting topics for further theoretical clarification, research, clinical interventions, and policy applications. We also review connections between attachment and a child psychopathology, b neurobiology, c health and immune function, d empathy, compassion, and altruism, e school readiness, and f culture. We conclude with clinical-translational and public policy applications of attachment research that could reduce the occurrence and maintenance of insecure attachment during infancy and beyond. Our goal is to inspire researchers to continue advancing the field by finding new ways to tackle long-standing questions and by generating and testing novel hypotheses. Using a combination of case studies and statistical methods novel at the time for psychoanalysts to examine the precursors of delinquency, Bowlby arrived at his initial empirical insight: The precursors of emotional disorders and delinquency could be found in early attachment-related experiences, specifically separations from, or inconsistent or harsh treatment by, mothers and often fathers or other men who were involved with the mothers.
By Saul McLeod , updated Feb 05, Attachment is a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space Ainsworth, ; Bowlby, Attachment does not have to be reciprocal. One person may have an attachment to an individual which is not shared.
The evolutionary perspective on romantic relationships. Victor Kenji M. Palavras-chave: Amor. Teoria do Apego.