Learn about our expanded patient care options for your health care needs. The liver is a large organ that sits up under your ribs on the right side of your belly abdomen. It helps filter waste from your body, makes bile to help digest food, and stores sugar that your body uses for energy. This causes swelling, inflammation and liver damage. The symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis may look like other health problems.
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Learn about our expanded patient care options for your health care needs. The liver is a large organ that sits up under your ribs on the right side of your belly abdomen. It helps filter waste from your body, makes bile to help digest food, and stores sugar that your body uses for energy. This causes swelling, inflammation and liver damage. The symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis may look like other health problems. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis. Treatment works best when autoimmune hepatitis is found early.
The goal of treatment is to control the disease and to reduce or get rid of any symptoms be in remission. To do this, medicines corticosteroids and immune system suppressors are used to help slow down or suppress your overactive immune system. They also stop your body from attacking your liver. Once you have started treatment, it can take 6 months to a few years for the disease to go into remission. Some people can stop taking medicine, but often the disease comes back.
You may need treatment now and then for the rest of your life. Some people need to remain on treatment if they have relapsed many times or if their disease is severe. In some cases autoimmune hepatitis may go away without taking any medicines. But for most people, autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic disease.
It can lead to scarring of the liver cirrhosis. The liver can become so badly damaged that it no longer works. This is called liver failure. Be sure to ask your healthcare provider about recommended vaccines. These include vaccines for viruses that can cause liver disease.
Skip Navigation. Health Home Conditions and Diseases Hepatitis. It is a long-term or chronic inflammatory liver disease. Autoimmune hepatitis: May occur at any age Affects women more than men Is often linked to other diseases where the body attacks itself autoimmune disorders What causes autoimmune hepatitis?
What are the symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis? Some of the most common symptoms may include: Extreme tiredness fatigue Yellowing of the skin and eyes jaundice Belly abdominal pain Joint pain or swelling Mild flu-like symptoms Itching Large abdomen due to large liver and spleen Spiderlike blood vessels in the skin Other autoimmune hepatitis symptoms may include: Dark urine Pale or gray-colored stools Loss of appetite Fluid buildup in the belly ascites Confusion Rectal bleeding or vomiting blood The symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis may look like other health problems.
How is autoimmune hepatitis diagnosed? Your healthcare provider will look at your health history and give you a physical exam. Some lab blood tests used to diagnose autoimmune hepatitis include: Liver function tests. These check for inflammation or damage to your liver. Complete blood count or CBC. Looks at the number and types of cells in your blood. Coagulation panel. This test looks at how well the clotting proteins are working.
Electrolyte panel. Checks to see if you have an electrolyte imbalance. Autoimmune antibodies. These are used to see if you have autoimmune hepatitis or another liver disease with similar symptoms. Other liver tests. These are done to check for other possible types of liver disease.
You may also have imaging tests such as: CT scan. This is more detailed than a standard X-ray. It can show detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. It uses both X-rays and computer technology to make horizontal images often called slices of the body. This test makes detailed pictures of organs and structures inside your body. It uses a magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy.
A dye may be shot or injected into your vein. The dye helps the liver and other organs in the belly to be seen more clearly on the scan. This uses high frequency sound waves to create a picture of the organs. It can also check blood flow in blood vessels. Liver biopsy.
Small tissue samples are taken from your liver with a needle. These samples are checked under a microscope to find out the type of liver disease you have. How is autoimmune hepatitis treated? If you have liver failure, a liver transplant may be needed. Key points Autoimmune hepatitis is when your body's infection-fighting system immune system attacks your liver cells. It is a long-term chronic liver disease that causes inflammation and liver damage.
Certain medications can also trigger autoimmune hepatitis. It affects more women than men. Medicines are often used to control the disease. It can lead to scarring of the liver cirrhosis and liver failure. Next steps Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider: Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen. Before your visit, write down questions you want answered. Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.
At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you. Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Also know what the side effects are. Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways. Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean.
Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure. If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit. Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions. Related Topics Autoimmune Hepatitis.
Autoimmune hepatitis AIH is a chronic inflammatory condition of the liver of unknown etiology identified in the s and formerly called chronic active hepatitis. Autoimmune hepatitis is characterized by liver transaminase elevation in the presence of autoantibodies, elevated gamma globulin levels, interface hepatitis on histology, and a great response to corticosteroids. Autoimmune hepatitis occurs worldwide but the exact incidence and prevalence of the disease in the United States is unknown. The point prevalence and incidence of AIH in Northern Europeans is approximately 18 per , people per year and 1.
Autoimmune hepatitis is liver inflammation that occurs when your body's immune system turns against liver cells. The exact cause of autoimmune hepatitis is unclear, but genetic and enviromental factors appear to interact over time in triggering the disease. Untreated autoimmune hepatitis can lead to scarring of the liver cirrhosis and eventually to liver failure. When diagnosed and treated early, however, autoimmune hepatitis often can be controlled with drugs that suppress the immune system. A liver transplant may be an option when autoimmune hepatitis doesn't respond to drug treatments or in cases of advanced liver disease.
Other signs and symptoms that may develop as the disease progresses include:    . This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources.