Ackerknecht, Erwin H. Ackerkneckt, E. Madison, Wisconsin, Studies in medical History , Paris,
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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: This essay is the first account in English to examine Franz Joseph Gall and the origins of phrenology.
In doing so a host of legends about Gall and the beginnings of phrenology, which exist only in the English-language historiography, are dispelled. An understanding of the context of phrenology's origins is essential to to the historicization of the movement as a whole.
View on PubMed. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper. Topics from this paper. Gall Bladder Diseases National origin. Phrenology Historiography. Citations Publications citing this paper. Beyond faith and reason : the genesis of psychical research and the search for the paranormal domain Robert Radakovic Sociology Johann Gaspar Spurzheim: The St.
Franz Joseph Gall
This paper deals with the judicial identification of corpses in nineteenth-century France. The case of the widow Houet is particularly interesting for this purpose because two contrasting techniques of identification were employed: forensic medicine and phrenology. Mateu Orfila, dean of the Paris Faculty of Medicine, had recently developed a quantitative method for the identification of corpses, which was later regarded as a landmark in nineteenth-century forensic medicine. Pierre-Marie Dumoutier, an outstanding member of the Society of Phrenology, analysed the skull and offered surprising data about the personality of the widow. The episode stirred up controversies on the evidentiary value of phrenology and medicine in criminal investigations. Thanks to these controversies, I discuss three different points: the implicit rules of admissibility of expert knowledge in nineteenth-century French courts; the politics of legal medicine and phrenology regarding crime, penal system and prisons; and the tensions and unequal exchanges between legal medicine and phrenology in terms of people, data, objects, spaces and practices.
Gall, Franz Josef
The authority of human nature: the Schädellehre of Franz Joseph Gall.